In the ongoing development of the thesis course we have introduced evaluation criteria that the reviewer should apply on your report.
How to write a report
- A document describing the writing process.
- Another document describing how to write a good report.
- Link to a guide how to write a good thesis. It is mainly for Ph. D. students but its still worth to read.
- The written report is very important. Consider that your report will be used as a personal merit.
- Start the writing process early. Don't leave it til the end, but do it continuously. It takes 1-2 months to write a good report.
- The report should be written in Swedish or English. Remember that a good language is important. The quality of the language is a learning outcome in the course so your report could be rejected due to bad language. You can get help with language in the language workshop
- The report should adhere to some formal rules, the coordinator will inform you about this when you have a completed report. The resulting report should be in PDF-form
- The student should produce a digital report in PDF format. It should be sent to the Thesis Coordinator.
- All reports can be found here. Some good examples from the IT program are:
For master thesis aimed for an Engineering grade
- UTH:s regulations applies. When the reviewer (examiner) decides that the report is close to finished, the student should contact the coordinator and request a report number in the UTH IT report series, this number can also be obtained from the student service at Ångström.
- The next step is to contact the coordinator to get instructions how to produce a title page and an abstract page.
- The should contain a popular scientific summary of about two pages in Swedish.
For thesis aimed for a master or bachelor degree
- When the reviewer(examiner) decides that the report is close to finished, the student should contact the coordinator to get a report number and instructions how to produce a title page and an abstract page.
- It is recommended that
- the report contains a popular scientific summary of about two pages in Swedish.
The supervisor and the reviewer helps the student in structuring the report. The report should contain
- Necessary background information for non-specialist reader;
- A description of the problem that has been addressed: Problem formulation and problem structuring;
- A description of the methods that you have used to solve the problem;
- Interpretation and discussion of the results - an analysis how well the problem was solved;
- If the problem wasn't completely solved, a descriptions of the reasons for this - even negative results and experiences can be important to report (to avoid that others do the same);
- Table of contents;
- List of references, should be mentioned in table of contents.
- Your own work should be critically reviewed;
- A comparison with others work in the same problem domain.
There are no rules about the size of a report, but a report shorter than 15 pages for 15hp-project or below 30 pages for a 30hp-project is probably incomplete. A report of 80 pages or more probably contain too much code or similar. In other words, a normal report is around 40 pages.
Some general advices
- Clearly separate your opinions from others opinions.
- Clearly separate facts from interpretation of facts.
- Statements that are not obviously true must be verified using references (see below) or by a discussion that clearly shows how the conclusions were reached.
- Be careful with positive statements about the company on about your own work.
- Describe not only what conclusions you have drawn, but also how you reached these conclusions. It is important that you separate the description of the methodology from the results.
- Describe the problems that occurred in the working process, how you overcome them, circumvented them or got stuck
- Experiments should be described so that they can be reproduced.
If is often suitable to divide your report in two parts. The first part describes the work and it should be readable and understandable to a student on the same level as you are. The other part can be documentation and other information aimed for the company or for future work.
Advice on literature
- The thesis should be based on a scientific ground, therefore the requirements on the references are high. Try to relate to scientific reports and books. One should refer to scientific literature, not only to handbooks, internal reports and course literature. This is particularly valid for thesis at D- and E-level.
- For each literature reference, it should be clear what it contains and why it is relevant. The term reference means that it is something you refer to in the text. General references can be collected in the background section or in the related work section.
- Facts that you use must have a proper reference. This is true even if you don't do a direct citation, just summarizing what others have written.
- Preferably you should refer to published texts. If you find a text on the web you should try find a more permanent reference. Sometimes web references are unavoidable. When referring the web, give title and web address. Also give the date when you accessed to resource.
- For a web reference, criticism of the sources is very important. Remember that anyone can claim anything on a web page.
The report should be structured as follows:
- After the front page, there should be a blank page (page 2)
- After the abstract page there should be a blank page (page 4)
- After the Table of contents, there should be a blank page if needed. The text should start on an odd page number.
- If you wish, add blank pages so that all chapters starts on an odd page number.
- The page numbering should be centered to make it more general.
- The report should be handed in for archiving as described in working process.
- The report is only stored digitally. No printed copies are produced. If you need a printed copy you can print one at your own cost. Contact our repro service in room 2204 at ITC. Engineering students can also contact the reception at Ångström see here.